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Teen Heart Transplant Recipient Dies in Fatal Police Car Chase

Coloriffic/iStock/Thinkstock(ROSWELL, Ga.) — A Geor­gia teen who received a heart trans­plant less than two years ago has died in a car acci­dent while flee­ing police, accord­ing to officials.

Anthony Stokes, 17, was dri­ving a car that matched the descrip­tion of a car used to flee a home bur­glary, in which a masked per­son allegedly shot a gun at an 81-year-old woman who was home watch­ing tele­vi­sion, Roswell Police spokes­woman Offi­cer Lisa Hol­land told ABC News.

When offi­cers tried to pull the vehi­cle over, the dri­ver allegedly refused to stop, and they chased him, she said.

The car lost con­trol at an inter­sec­tion, ran over a curb, hit a pedes­trian and ran into big, metal pole,” Hol­land said.

Stokes died Tues­day night from injuries sus­tained in the crash.

Stokes had an enlarged heart in 2013 and was given six months to live with­out a heart trans­plant. At the time, doc­tors said they wouldn’t give him a trans­plant because of “non­com­pli­ance,” which means they didn’t think he could be trusted to fol­low med­ical directions.

His mother, Melen­cia Hamil­ton, told ABC News at the time that she thought doc­tors made their deci­sion to deny Anthony because he had low grades and trou­ble with the law.

He was just fight­ing,” Hamil­ton said. “Try­ing to take up, just try­ing to take up for his brother because some­body was bul­ly­ing his brother.”

The hos­pi­tal then reversed its deci­sion, and Stokes under­went the trans­plant in August 2013.

NYU Lan­gone bioethi­cist Art Caplan said Stokes’s case was a dif­fi­cult one to begin with, but Tuesday’s events don’t change anything.

The bot­tom line is I don’t really think today’s sad events mean two years ago we shouldn’t have given him a chance,” Caplan said. “We didn’t know what would hap­pen to him.”

He said even pris­on­ers are some­times given organ trans­plants, and teens, who are often not good at com­ply­ing with med­ical direc­tions, get organ trans­plants all the time.

You almost always have to live with some peo­ple who are going to get into things post-transplant that we might not like,” he said. “That’s just humanity.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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FDA Offers Final Guidance on Painkillers with Abuse-Deterrent Properties

moodboard/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The U.S. Food and Drug Admin­is­tra­tion released its “final guid­ance” on opi­oid painkillers with poten­tially abuse-deterrent prop­er­ties on Wednesday.

In the 29-page report, the FDA aimed to explain its “cur­rent think­ing about the stud­ies that should be con­ducted to demon­strate that a given for­mu­la­tion has abuse-deterrent prop­er­ties.” The FDA notes that opi­oid drugs pro­vide “sig­nif­i­cant ben­e­fit for patients when used prop­erly,” but that the risk of abuse and death are worrisome.

Because of that, the FDA is encour­ag­ing man­u­fac­tur­ers to develop drugs that work cor­rectly when taken as pre­scribed, but make it dif­fi­cult to abuse. “While drugs with abuse-deterrent prop­er­ties are not ‘abuse-proof,’ the FDA sees this guid­ance as an impor­tant step toward bal­anc­ing appro­pri­ate access to opi­oids for patients with pain with the impor­tance of reduc­ing opi­oid mis­use and abuse,” an FDA press release reads.

FDA Com­mis­sioner Mar­garet Ham­burg said in a state­ment that “the sci­ence of abuse-deterrent med­ica­tion is rapidly evolv­ing, and the FDA is eager to engage with man­u­fac­tur­ers to help make these med­ica­tions avail­able to patients who need them.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Alabama Baby Born Without a Nose, Mom Says He's Perfect

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Eli Thomp­son came into this world in the late after­noon of March 4, per­fectly healthy but with one dis­tinc­tion — he didn’t have a nose.

The day I deliv­ered, every­thing went fine,” his mother, Brandi McGlath­ery, told ABC News Wednes­day. “At 4:42 when he was born, he came out and the doc­tor put him on my chest. When I took a closer look at him, I said, ‘He doesn’t have a nose,’ and they took him out of the room.”

He had the most apolo­getic look on my face,” she said. “I knew right away that some­thing was wrong.”

Although her baby showed no signs of addi­tional abnor­mal­i­ties, McGlath­ery said she was at first shocked and upset to hear the news from her doctor.

Dr. R. Craig Brown, McGlathery’s obste­tri­cian, said his own research has revealed only 38 cases of “absolutely noth­ing being wrong other than no nose.” That’s very, very rare.

I’ve seen facial abnor­mal­i­ties, cleft lip and pal­let, but this is the first time I’ve seen a case with just no nose,” Brown told ABC News.

McGlath­ery became Brown’s patient early in her preg­nancy, he said, not­ing that the 23-year-old mom of three showed no signs of a high risks, and tests showed Eli to have a nasal bone.

She came in right at 37 weeks and went into labor,” Brown said. “Once I deliv­ered him and we cleaned him off I could tell some­thing wasn’t right, but I didn’t want to alarm her.”

Other than not hav­ing a nose, “he’s doing great,” Brown said. “He’s a super cute kid and you could tell he was fighting.”

I recounted every­thing I did through­out my preg­nancy to fig­ure out if I did some­thing wrong,” McGlath­ery said. “I real­ized it was noth­ing any­one did. I mean, he’s per­fect. I’m not going to say I was sad. I was just scared for him because I didn’t think he’d make it.”

Because Eli was born with­out a nose, he must use a tra­cheostomy, a tube that will assist his breathing.

McGlath­ery said she and her fam­ily have all been trained in con­trol­ling her child’s equip­ment, and all received CPR training.

After I real­ized noth­ing wrong was him health-wise, I was scared what other peo­ple would say,” McGlath­ery said. “I don’t ever want my son to come home and say ‘mommy, some­body made fun of my nose.’ But I also don’t want oth­ers to pity him.”

On March 30, McGlath­ery brought Eli home and she said he’s been doing won­der­fully since.

He’s an extremely happy baby and does cute stuff all the time,” she said. “There’s a rea­son aside from his health issue and not hav­ing a nose as to why we call him our mir­a­cle baby. He just tugs on people’s heart strings. It’s his demeanor.”

I don’t think my son will ever have an idea of how much he’s impacted peo­ple,” McGlath­ery added. “He’s def­i­nitely started some­thing and has got a big pur­pose in life. He’s going to have one hell of a tes­ti­mony to tell peo­ple one day.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Recovering Joni Mitchell Has Claimed to Have Mysterious Skin Condition

Steve Granitz/WireImage(NEW YORK) — Leg­endary folk singer Joni Mitchell’s health scare is draw­ing atten­tion to the fact that she’s said in the past that she has Morgel­lons dis­ease, a rare and con­tro­ver­sial ill­ness char­ac­ter­ized by a crawl­ing sen­sa­tion on the skin with no appar­ent cause.

Mitchell was found uncon­scious in her home Tues­day and rushed to the hos­pi­tal, accord­ing to her offi­cial web­site. As of Tues­day night, she was “awake and in good spir­its,” the web­site reported.

Health experts say there could be any num­ber of rea­sons Mitchell, 71, col­lapsed, but Morgel­lons dis­ease prob­a­bly isn’t one of them.

Morgel­lons dis­ease is a mys­te­ri­ous con­di­tion, prompt­ing experts to debate whether it is a skin con­di­tion, a psy­cho­log­i­cal con­di­tion, a neu­ro­log­i­cal con­di­tion, an allergy or some­thing else, said Dr. Kevin Cooper, who chairs the der­ma­tol­ogy depart­ment at U.H. Case Med­ical Cen­ter in Cleveland.

These patients feel that there’s some­thing wrong with their skin, caus­ing them to scratch and dig at it, cre­at­ing open wounds and scabs, he said, adding that they don’t always believe they caused the wounds. They often bring bags to der­ma­tol­o­gists con­tain­ing “fibers” they pulled from their skin, but these fibers can be any­thing from their own hairs to cot­ton fibers that had become stuck in their scabs.

Gen­er­ally when we biopsy it, we don’t see much,” he said. “Just ero­sion. The top of the skin has been scratched off or died spon­ta­neously. So patients are pretty miserable.”

Many Morgel­lons patients think bugs are crawl­ing on their skin he said, but when they exter­mi­nate their homes, they find noth­ing, Cooper said. Some are diag­nosed with delu­sions of par­a­sito­sis, but they don’t agree with it, he said.

Cooper said even when nothing’s touch­ing you, there’s a sort of “sta­tic hum” of sen­sa­tion that your skin feels. For patients with Morgel­lons, Cooper said per­haps that hum is turned up, result­ing in a crawl­ing sensation.

Other symp­toms include fatigue, short-term mem­ory loss and trou­ble con­cen­trat­ing, accord­ing to the Mayo Clinic web­site. Middle-aged white women are most likely to have it, accord­ing to the site.

He said the dis­ease is vague, varies from patient to patient and could have mul­ti­ple causes.

The Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion stud­ied a clus­ter of 115 women in north­ern Cal­i­for­nia who said they had Morgel­lons dis­ease. Inves­ti­ga­tors con­cluded in 2012 that the ill­ness was not caused by any­thing infec­tious or environmental.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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College Baseball Player Gets Call to Donate Bone Marrow to Stranger

Jeremy Fleming/Furman Uni­ver­sity(NEW YORK) — Jake Kins­ley sees him­self as an aver­age stu­dent who plays base­ball for his college.

Three years ago, the now 22-year-old was pre­sented with what he said was an amaz­ing oppor­tu­nity to help save a life.

It started back when I was a fresh­man,” said Kins­ley, who attends Fur­man Uni­ver­sity in South Car­olina. “My assis­tant coach had a rel­a­tive who needed a bone mar­row trans­plant, so I signed up.”

Kins­ley, who reg­is­tered at 18 years old, told ABC News that he signed up with the national mar­row donor pro­gram, Be The Match.

He was even­tu­ally noti­fied that he was not a match for his coach’s fam­ily member.

I didn’t even think about it after a while,” he said. “They’d send me mail to remind me that I signed up, but it wasn’t really on my mind.”

In mid-February, Kins­ley received a phone call that he said com­pletely shocked him.

It came up three years later say­ing I was a poten­tial match and asked if I was will­ing to donate to this lady,” he said. “I never thought twice about being able to give.”

After an addi­tional look into his health back­ground, it was deter­mined that Kins­ley was a per­fect match for the per­son in need of a bone mar­row transplant.

The dona­tion was set for March 30.

On aver­age, 1 in 540 U.S. Be The Match Reg­istry mem­bers go on to donate to a patient,” a Be The Match spokesper­son told ABC News. “Most donors typ­i­cally back to their nor­mal rou­tine in a few days. The donor’s mar­row nat­u­rally replaces itself in four to six weeks.”

Kins­ley went in for the four-hour pro­ce­dure on Monday.

Since he’s now weak­ened by the process, doc­tors told him that he should sit out as catcher for his next few base­ball games.

Last night I missed the game against Clem­son and will prob­a­bly miss another four games,” Kins­ley said. “Being able to give up some of my senior year of base­ball is noth­ing com­pared to being about to help some­one out.”

Due to patient con­fi­den­tial­ity, it is unclear who received Kinsley’s bone mar­row donation.

Be The Match con­firmed that if both par­ties are in the U.S. and con­sent after one year, then they are able to exchange con­tact information.

I guess it’s to allow her to heal in pri­vacy,” Kins­ley said. “But I’m def­i­nitely going to try and take advan­tage of that and see the impact it made when I’m allowed to.”

I’d also like to say that I feel there’s a lot of mis­con­cep­tion donat­ing for bone mar­row and that’s why I think there’s so few matches out there. I think peo­ple are scared and that it’s painful. It’s really a non-invasive pro­ce­dure and I would really encour­age peo­ple to sign up at Be The Match,” he added.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Why Your Brain Will Trick You this April Fool's Day

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — If you got­ten taken in by an April Fool’s Day prank don’t be embar­rassed, it turns out we’re hard­wired to be gullible.

Accord­ing to experts, the human brain has evolved to some­times over­ride our clear sen­sory per­cep­tions of the world around us, mean­ing some­times we fall for a good prank.

Dr. Adam Gaz­za­ley, a neu­ro­sci­en­tist and pro­fes­sor at the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia San Fran­cisco Med­ical School, said humans can over­ride our basic “bot­tom up” sen­sory per­cep­tion of the world with “top down” pro­cess­ing, mean­ing we can over­ride nat­ural instincts with rationalizations.

Gaz­za­ley explains that this could mean ignor­ing what’s going in the phys­i­cal world around us because we believe we “know” bet­ter than what our sense are telling us.

It’s based on mem­o­ries and expe­ri­ences and that is really a pow­er­ful force and an over­whelm­ing force in humans that shape how we view the world,” explained Gaz­za­ley, of human per­cep­tions of the world around us.

Gaz­za­ley said one exam­ple of “top down” pro­cess­ing over­rid­ing our “bot­tom up” per­cep­tions would be miss­ing a close friend on the street because you’re engrossed in your phone screen. Another clear exam­ple is going to see a magic show and try­ing to fig­ure out how the trick is per­formed, but being unable to.

In the whole mis­di­rec­tion thing when [the magi­cian is] show­ing you their hand, your expe­ri­ence is telling you this is impor­tant,” said Gaz­za­ley. “But they’re doing some­thing with the other hand.”

Gaz­za­ley said magi­cians have told him that intox­i­cated peo­ple are bet­ter at fig­ur­ing out the trick because their “top down” pro­cess­ing is dulled.

You set up your whole belief sys­tem based on mem­o­ries and goals. It shapes your real­ity in a way that is not exactly cor­re­spond­ing with more on the sur­face real­ity,” said Gaz­za­ley. “It could cre­ate the type of illu­sions that magi­cians thrive on.”

Gaz­za­ley said as a result, peo­ple can eas­ily be taken in by a good April Fool’s prank.

April fool’s jokes…play off across your belief struc­ture and your view of real­ity to cre­ate some­thing that in other cir­cum­stances isn’t that believ­able,” he said.

In addi­tion to the “top down” fake out, there’s also scare tac­tic pranks that humans are hard-wired to respond to, accord­ing to experts.

Dr. Tan­vir Syed, a neu­rol­o­gist at the Uni­ver­sity Hos­pi­tals Case Med­ical Cen­ter in Cleve­land, said that the brain is designed to per­ceive any threat as real, even if it’s a rub­ber snake.

The way we process any kind of stim­u­lus is by threat level,” said Syed. “The way our ner­vous sys­tem is, we respond to threats very quickly…to pre­pare us for fight or flight.”

That means if some­one decides to try and prank you with some­thing that scares you, you’re likely not going to be able to remain calm and col­lected. Syed said your brain would rather react to a threat — even a fake threat — than be injured.

Even if you try to plan ahead and have no reac­tion to a prank designed to scare you, Syed says you’ll likely have a sub­con­scious response to any threat, which is “100 times more pow­er­ful” than the con­scious mind in terms of brain synapses.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Picking Your Work Hours Could Pick Up Your Spirits

iStock/Thinkstock(LOUGHBOROUGH, Eng­land) — Choos­ing your occu­pa­tion is one thing. Choos­ing the num­ber of hours you work is an entirely dif­fer­ent mat­ter alto­gether, which may not be in your power.

How­ever, Andy Charl­wood, a pro­fes­sor of human resource man­age­ment at Lough­bor­ough Uni­ver­sity, says if work­ers did get to pick the amount of hours they spent on the job weekly, it would improve their spir­its and prob­a­bly their performance.

In study­ing the working-time pat­terns of 20,000 adults over 18 years, Charl­wood and his team dis­cov­ered that over half of those work­ing 50 hours or more weekly and 40 more per­cent work­ing 40-to-49 hours pre­ferred to put in fewer hours.

The obvi­ous draw­backs of being over­worked, accord­ing to Charl­wood, are dete­ri­o­ra­tion of life sat­is­fac­tion as well as added stress.

Ulti­mately, he says that “gov­ern­ment and employer poli­cies need to give work­ers greater flex­i­bil­ity to choose the hours that they work.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Pains in the Head and Hand Have Apparent Link

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(DALLAS) — On the sur­face, carpal tun­nel syn­drome and migraine headaches don’t seem to be con­nected but a new study reports that these painful con­nec­tions are appar­ently linked.

Dr. Huay-Zong Law of the Uni­ver­sity of Texas South­west­ern Med­ical Cen­ter at Dal­las says that they actu­ally share a “com­mon sys­temic or neu­ro­log­i­cal factor.”

Law and his team, after ana­lyz­ing the data found in a health sur­vey of 26,000 U.S. adults, learned that a third of peo­ple with carpal tun­nel syn­drome, a numb­ness and weak­ness of the hand, also com­plained of debil­i­tat­ing headaches known as migraines.

What’s more, twice as many peo­ple with migraines had carpal tun­nel syn­drome than those who didn’t have migraines.

Delv­ing fur­ther into the study, Law dis­cov­ered that migraines and carpal tun­nel syn­drome share sev­eral risk fac­tors, includ­ing obe­sity, dia­betes, smok­ing and being a woman.

Still, Law cau­tioned the exact con­nec­tion between the two con­di­tions is not totally clear.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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High Blood Pressure Only During Doctor's Visits Could Be a Sign of Trouble

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Do you suf­fer from white-coat hypertension?

It’s a con­di­tion whereby a person’s blood pres­sure actu­ally spikes dur­ing a doctor’s visit but usu­ally dur­ing no other times.

How­ever, what­ever white-coat hyper­ten­sion is attrib­uted to, such as anx­i­ety, for instance, it may also be sign of seri­ous health prob­lems that are nor­mally asso­ci­ated with actual hypertension.

That’s the find­ing of Ital­ian researchers who did a meta-analysis of 10 stud­ies involv­ing thou­sands of adult patients from three dif­fer­ent con­ti­nents includ­ing the U.S.

What they learned was that peo­ple who expe­ri­enced white-coat hyper­ten­sion had sig­nif­i­cantly thicker carotid neck arter­ies than peo­ple with nor­mal blood pressure.

Thicker carotid neck arter­ies is a sign of hard­en­ing of the arter­ies, a lead­ing cause of heart attack and stroke.

While hyper­ten­sion is asso­ci­ated with carotid artery thick­en­ing, even surges of blood pres­sure, such as in the doctor’s office, can also result in arte­r­ial damage.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Bacon Sounds Better than It Tastes and Smells

iStock/Thinkstock(OXFORD, Eng­land) — Ah, bacon. It tastes good. It smells good. And yes, it sounds good too.

Charles Spence, an exper­i­men­tal psy­chol­o­gist at Oxford Uni­ver­sity who also fan­cies him­self a food sen­sory expert, says what really turns peo­ple on about bacon and other culi­nary delights are the pleas­ant sen­sa­tions they pro­vide the ear rather than the taste buds or nose.

Although many of Spence’s peers believe he’s a bit daft, he says he can back up his claim with a study in which peo­ple used var­i­ous descrip­tive words to explain what they liked about 79 foods.

Accord­ing to Spence, the word “crisp” was used three times as much as other descrip­tors because “crisp” indi­cates freshness.

Uni­ver­sity of Leeds researchers also gave Spence more ammu­ni­tion when par­tic­i­pants in a bacon exper­i­ment said that crunch­i­ness was cru­cial to what makes up the per­fect BLT.

As Spence explains it, peo­ple are enam­ored with the tex­tural prop­er­ties of food as they’re bit­ing or chew­ing it while the actual sound made while eat­ing seems to affect the per­cep­tion of flavor.

He adds that as peo­ple age and start to lose their senses of taste and smell, the ambi­ent qual­ity of food might com­pen­sate for these deficiencies.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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