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No Shortage of Tanning Beds for Students at Top Colleges in US

iStock/Thinkstock(WORCESTER, Mass.) — Col­lege stu­dents at top schools in the United States have plenty of tan­ning beds at their dis­pos­able, accord­ing to a newly pub­lished study.

Researchers at the Uni­ver­sity of Mass­a­chu­setts Med­ical School found that nearly half of the top 125 col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties from the U.S. News and World Report had indoor tan­ning beds either on cam­pus or in off-campus hous­ing. They also found that more than 500,000 stu­dents have access to tan­ning beds on campus.

In 14 per­cent of col­leges, the cam­pus cash cards that stu­dents can use to make pur­chases for food and books were able to be used to pay for tan­ning at local salons,” said Dr. Sherry Pagoto, an asso­ciate pro­fes­sor of med­i­cine at the Uni­ver­sity of Mass­a­chu­setts Med­ical School.

Indi­ana University’s web­site adver­tises that stu­dents can use their cam­pus access card at a tan­ning salon near cam­pus. The uni­ver­sity declined com­ment to ABC News.

The researchers found that 96 per­cent of off-campus hous­ing that offered tan­ning beds did so at no charge. One lux­u­ri­ous off-campus apart­ment com­plex near the Uni­ver­sity of Ari­zona had a tan­ning bed inside the building.

One of the myths of indoor tan­ning is that it pro­vides a safe tan,” ABC News senior med­ical con­trib­u­tor Dr. Jen­nifer Ash­ton said. “If you speak to any skin expert, any der­ma­tol­o­gist will tell you there is no such thing as a safe tan.”

A study in the Inter­na­tional Jour­nal of Can­cer found that 76 per­cent of melanoma cases among 18 to 29 year olds were attrib­ut­able to tanning-bed use.

These indoor tan­ning salons are dan­ger­ous,” Ash­ton said. “They are expen­sive, the risks far out­weigh any pos­si­ble ben­e­fits and they’re unnecessary.”

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See the Birth of Modern Medicine from the Doctor Who Collects the Negatives

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The early days of mod­ern med­i­cine, before peni­cillin and anes­the­sia, can seem grue­some by today’s stan­dards. But archivist and col­lec­tor of med­ical pho­tog­ra­phy, Dr. Stan­ley Burns, thinks it’s impor­tant to look back at the early days of med­i­cine to under­stand how far mod­ern med­i­cine has come in just over 100 years.

Burns, the founder and archivist of the Burns Archive, has lots of evi­dence about how crude early med­ical treat­ments could be at the begin­ning of the last cen­tury. From elec­troshock for blind­ness to sco­l­io­sis cures that look tor­tur­ous, the haunt­ing pho­tographs from the Burns Archive can be beau­ti­ful and scary reminders of how rudi­men­tary med­i­cine was just a cen­tury ago.

The doc­tors 100 years ago were just as smart and inter­ested in help­ing their patients as we are today,” Burns told ABC News. “The prob­lem was they labored under infe­rior knowl­edge and technology.”

Burns’ pho­tog­ra­phy archive includes thou­sands of pic­tures rang­ing from early med­ical oper­a­tions to Civil War-era pho­tos of pros­thetic limbs, some of which were fea­tured in a show at the Museum of Mod­ern Art in New York.

His newest exhi­bi­tion is decid­edly more macabre. It’s a col­lec­tion of memo­r­ial pho­tog­ra­phy, which are pic­tures of the deceased for loved ones, mainly from the turn of the 19th century.

The pho­tographs of the posed deceased are being fea­tured at the Mor­bid Anatomy Museum in Brook­lyn, New York, until this January.

Ear­lier this year, Burns’ incred­i­ble knowl­edge about the birth of mod­ern med­i­cine has been uti­lized at his newest side-job — med­ical adviser on the Cin­e­max drama The Knick. The show cen­ters on the Knicker­bocker Hos­pi­tal at the turn of the 19th cen­tury, just as now com­mon sur­gi­cal tech­niques were being devel­oped. It’s a show tailor-made for Burns’ sensibility.

What I’ve been able to do is help make the med­i­cine in the year 1900 come alive,” he said.

Burns not only vets the set and the pro­ce­dures, he imple­mented “med­ical school” for the actors. Burns taught the show’s stars like Clive Owen how to prop­erly stitch up a wound so that the cam­era could stay close on their hands dur­ing the oper­a­tion scenes.

He said, “They were more seri­ous about learn­ing the med­ical [tech­niques]” than some students.

When Burns asked why they were so metic­u­lous, his new stu­dents answered, “It’s going to be onscreen, it’s going to be forever.”

Burns said he hopes his med­ical archive and the show will help peo­ple real­ize that med­i­cine is an ever-evolving field and that the crude pro­ce­dures shown on The Knick were actu­ally cut­ting edge for the time.

When doc­tors 100 years from today look at what we’re doing they’ll look at us the same way,” he said.

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Most Breastfeeding Friendly Airports Really Aren't

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Are most U.S. air­ports “breast­feed­ing friendly” as they claim to be?

Not accord­ing to Michael Haight and Joan Ortiz, authors of the arti­cle, “Air­ports in the United States. Are They Really Breast­feed­ing Friendly?”

The pair polled 100 air­ports, 62 of which claimed they were friendly to women who need to feed their chil­dren. How­ever, Haight and Ortiz learned that only 37 air­ports actu­ally offered a lac­ta­tion room.

What’s more, just eight out of the 100 air­ports sur­veyed that des­ig­nated a spe­cific area for breast­feed­ing moms made sure that it wasn’t also a restroom and that it also fea­tured a table, chair and elec­tri­cal outlet.

So, the authors con­clude the only true “breast­feed­ing friendly” air­ports are: San Fran­cisco Inter­na­tional, Minneapolis-St. Paul Inter­na­tional, Baltimore/Washington Inter­na­tional, San Jose Inter­na­tional, Indi­anapo­lis Inter­na­tional, Akron-Canton Regional (OH), Dane County Regional (WI), and Pen­sacola Gulf Coast Regional (FL) airports.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

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Laws to Deter Underage Drinking Appear to Work

iStock/Thinkstock(OAKLAND, Calif.) — Social host laws that hold adults respon­si­ble when under­age drink­ing is hap­pen­ing on their prop­erty may be help­ing to drive down the num­ber of teens who use alco­hol at week­end parties.

Mallie Paschall, a senior research sci­en­tist at the Pre­ven­tion Research Cen­ter in Oak­land, Cal­i­for­nia, admits that there’s no direct proof yet of a link between these laws and a decrease in under­age drinking.

How­ever, the early find­ings are encour­ag­ing after a study of 50 Cal­i­for­nia com­mu­ni­ties, half of which put the onus on par­ents or adults if peo­ple under 21 are caught imbib­ing at their homes or establishments.

In areas where social host laws were enforced, which can mean stiff fines, there were fewer reports of under­age drink­ing parties.

Paschall explains that most teens get alco­hol from social sources, such as par­ents or other adults, so it would stand to rea­son that laws that tar­get those sources will result in a decline of under­age drinking.

He adds that besides strict enforce­ment, there also has to be an aggres­sive pub­lic cam­paign about social host laws to inform par­ents about the penal­ties they face for allow­ing minors to con­sume alco­hol on their property.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

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Humility Is the Virtue Women Want in a Man

iStock/Thinkstock(HOLLAND, Mich.) — To the cha­grin of the stereo­typ­i­cal nice guy, it seems that women are attracted to bad boys because they rep­re­sent some­thing naughty and dan­ger­ous. Cer­tainly that’s true in the movies and even in some real life cases. But as Dr. Daryl Van Ton­geren of Hope Col­lege in Michi­gan explains, what women really want in a man is some­body who exudes humil­ity rather than con­ceit. In fact, that’s how men pre­fer their women too.

In a series of three exper­i­ments involv­ing hun­dreds of col­lege stu­dents of both sexes, the over­whelm­ing major­ity were more attracted to a pos­si­ble sig­nif­i­cant other who was will­ing to “over­come desires for power and supe­ri­or­ity” in order to build and sus­tain a long-term roman­tic relationship.

Peo­ple viewed as hum­ble are bet­ter at eval­u­at­ing their own strengths and weak­nesses, have an eas­ier time accept­ing crit­i­cism and are regarded as help­ful and selfless.

So per­haps, it’s the mean guys who really fin­ish last.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

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Nurse Says She Won't Have Officials Violate 'My Civil Rights'

Hand­out Photo(FORT KENT, Maine) — As Maine offi­cials said they were prepar­ing to get a court order to enforce a manda­tory quar­an­tine, Ebola nurse Kaci Hickox said Wednes­day night she is not will­ing to “stand here and have my civil rights violated.”

You could hug me, you could shake my hand, I would not give you Ebola,” she said out­side her Fort Kent home.

Her com­ments came hours after Maine offi­cials said they would seek to force Hickox, 33, to obey a 21-day quar­an­tine, although the order would first need to be approved by a judge before it could be enforced.

When it is made clear by an indi­vid­ual in this risk cat­e­gory that they do not intend to vol­un­tar­ily stay at home for the remain­ing 21 days, we will imme­di­ately seek a court order to ensure that they do not make con­tact with the pub­lic,” Maine Health Com­mis­sioner Mary May­hew said dur­ing a news con­fer­ence Wednes­day evening.

But legal experts say it’s not clear whether such an order would be approved by a judge.

The state has the bur­den of prov­ing that she is infected, or at least was cred­i­bly exposed to infec­tion, and also that by her own behav­ior she is likely to infect oth­ers if not con­fined,” said pub­lic health lawyer Wendy Mariner, who teaches at Boston Uni­ver­sity School of Law.

The state is not likely to have any evi­dence of that,” Mariner said, adding that Hickox should be able to prove that she isn’t infected and plans to take pre­cau­tions to not expose any­one to her bod­ily fluids.

Ear­lier Wednes­day, Maine’s gov­er­nor and other offi­cials said they were are seek­ing legal author­ity to enforce what started out as a vol­un­tary quar­an­tine. They also said state police were mon­i­tor­ing Hickox’s home “for both her pro­tec­tion and the health of the com­mu­nity,” accord­ing to a state­ment from the Maine governor’s office.

We are very con­cerned about her safety and health and that of the com­mu­nity,” Maine Gov. Paul LeP­age said. “We are explor­ing all of our options for pro­tect­ing the health and well-being of the health­care worker, any­one who comes in con­tact with her, the Fort Kent com­mu­nity and all of Maine. While we cer­tainly respect the rights of one indi­vid­ual, we must be vig­i­lant in pro­tect­ing 1.3 mil­lion Main­ers, as well as any­one who vis­its our great state.”

Hickox was treat­ing Ebola patients in Sierra Leone for Doc­tors With­out Bor­ders. She returned to the United States on Fri­day, land­ing in Newark Lib­erty Inter­na­tional Air­port in New Jer­sey, where she was ques­tioned and quar­an­tined in an out­door tent through the week­end despite hav­ing no symp­toms. She reg­is­tered a fever on an infrared ther­mome­ter at the air­port but an oral ther­mome­ter at Uni­ver­sity Hos­pi­tal in Newark showed that she actu­ally had no fever, she said.

After twice test­ing neg­a­tive for the deadly virus, Hickox was released and returned home to Maine on Mon­day. The fol­low­ing day, the state’s health com­mis­sioner announced that Maine would join the hand­ful of states going beyond fed­eral guide­lines and ask­ing that return­ing Ebola health work­ers self-quarantine.

Doc­tors with­out Bor­ders issued a state­ment on Wednes­day, dis­agree­ing with blan­ket quar­an­tines. “Such a mea­sure is not based upon estab­lished med­ical sci­ence,” the orga­ni­za­tion said. “Kaci Hickox has car­ried out impor­tant, life­sav­ing work for MSF in a num­ber of coun­tries in recent years, and we are proud to have her as a mem­ber of our orga­ni­za­tion. MSF respects Kaci’s right as a pri­vate cit­i­zen to chal­lenge exces­sive restric­tions being placed upon her.”

Our true desire is for a vol­un­tary sep­a­ra­tion from the pub­lic. We do not want to have to legally enforce an in-home quar­an­tine,” Maine Health Com­mis­sioner Mary May­hew said in a state­ment. “We are con­fi­dent that the self­less health work­ers, who were brave enough to care for Ebola patients in a for­eign coun­try, will be will­ing to take rea­son­able steps to pro­tect the res­i­dents of their own coun­try. How­ever, we are will­ing to pur­sue legal author­ity if nec­es­sary to ensure risk is min­i­mized for Mainers.”

But Hickox said she doesn’t think it is reasonable.

I will go to court to attain my free­dom,” Hickox told Good Morn­ing Amer­ica via Skype from her home­town of Fort Kent. “I have been com­pletely asymp­to­matic since I’ve been here. I feel absolutely great.”

The U.S. Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion doesn’t con­sider health work­ers who treated Ebola patients in West Africa to be at “high risk” for catch­ing Ebola if they were wear­ing pro­tec­tive gear, accord­ing to new guide­lines announced this week. Since they have “some risk,” the CDC rec­om­mends that they undergo mon­i­tor­ing — track­ing symp­toms and body tem­per­a­ture twice a day — avoid pub­lic trans­porta­tion and take other pre­cau­tions. But the CDC doesn’t require home quar­an­tines for these workers.

Some­one isn’t con­ta­gious until Ebola symp­toms appear, accord­ing to the CDC. And even then, trans­mis­sion requires con­tact with bod­ily flu­ids such as blood and vomit.

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FDA Approves Meningitis B Vaccine

luiscar/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The U.S. Food and Drug Admin­is­tra­tion approved the first vac­cine to tar­get a strain of menin­gi­tis that caused out­breaks at Prince­ton Uni­ver­sity and the Uni­ver­sity of California-Santa Bar­bara last year.

Accord­ing to the FDA, Tru­menba pre­vents the dis­ease caused by Neis­saria menin­gi­tidis serogroup B, one of five main serogroups of the dis­ease. Pre­vi­ously approved vac­cines have cov­ered the other four main serogroups.

Recent out­breaks of serogroup B Meningo­coc­cal dis­ease on a few col­lege cam­puses have height­ened con­cerns for this poten­tially deadly dis­ease,” said Karen Midthun, direc­tor of the FDA’s Cen­ter for Bio­log­ics Eval­u­a­tion and Research.

Three ran­dom­ized stud­ies looked at about 2,800 adult patients and found that 82 per­cent of sub­jects given Tru­menba had anti­bod­ies that kill four rep­re­sen­ta­tive strains of the dis­ease in their blood­stream, com­pared to just one per­cent beforehand.

Min­i­mal side effects were reported with Tru­menba, includ­ing headache, diar­rhea, mus­cle pain, fatigue and chills.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
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Cars, Pumpkin Carving Top List of Halloween Dangers

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — One of the scari­est things about Hal­loween is the high rate of mishaps. The Con­sumer Prod­uct Safety Com­mis­sion reported more than 3,500 Halloween-related injuries in Octo­ber and Novem­ber last year.

The sta­tis­tics aren’t meant to frighten, said Kate Carr, the pres­i­dent and CEO of Safe Kids World­wide, a con­sumer safety group. Rather, they’re meant to get par­ents focused on safety.

We want every­one to have fun on Hal­loween,” she said. “That’s why it’s impor­tant to have a con­ver­sa­tion with your kids and do some planning.”

Here are tips on avoid­ing Hal­loween dan­gers:

Traf­fic Fatalities

Hal­loween ranks as the third-deadliest day for pedes­tri­ans, accord­ing to a recent National High­way Safety and Traf­fic Admin­is­tra­tion analy­sis that exam­ined a quarter-century’s worth of data.

How­ever, it’s the dead­liest for kids. Chil­dren are twice as likely to be hit by a car and killed on Hal­loween than on a typ­i­cal night, accord­ing to the Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Prevention.

Carr advised par­ents to put reflec­tive tape on cos­tumes or have their child carry an item that glows or reflects car lights. She also urged par­ents to accom­pany kids younger than 12 on trick-or-treat rounds.

Kids who are younger than that can’t accu­rately judge speed or dis­tance to gauge how fast a car is going,” she said.

Food Aller­gies

One in 13 Amer­i­can chil­dren have been diag­nosed with food aller­gies, accord­ing to the allergy aware­ness group Food Allergy Research & Edu­ca­tion. Candy con­tain­ing soy, wheat, eggs, peanuts or tree nuts can some­times cause life-threatening symp­toms, which means trick-or-treating is usu­ally off-limits to food aller­gic kids.

This year, FARE has intro­duced pump­kins painted the color teal — the color of food allergy aware­ness — to alert par­ents to houses that give out small toys instead of candy. Peo­ple also can down­load teal pump­kin posters from the FARE website.

Accept­able trick-or-treat alter­na­tives include glow sticks, pen­cils, stick­ers and plas­tic vam­pire fangs, FARE advised. How­ever, some non-food items may still con­tain aller­gens. Play-Doh, for exam­ple, con­tains wheat. And some toys are made of latex, a poten­tial allergen.

Cuts and Bruises

Of the 3,500 Halloween-related injuries on the CPSC list, the most com­mon mishaps included burns, lac­er­a­tions from pumpkin-carving and injuries from col­li­sions related to impaired vision.

If you are plan­ning on carv­ing jack-o-lantern, make sure an adult is present and that a child is old enough to han­dle a knife or carv­ing tool prop­erly,” said Carr, adding that par­ents should con­sider using a battery-operated can­dles with jack-o-lanterns to reduce fire risk and should ensure masks and head­dresses don’t obscure a child’s abil­ity to see where they are going.

Stairs

Chil­dren ages 10 to 14 sus­tained the great­est pro­por­tion of injuries, a recent study in the jour­nal Pedi­atrics revealed. They accounted for more than 30 per­cent of the calami­ties reported on Hal­loween day. The most com­mon Halloween-related bumps and bruises came from falling down stairs and trip­ping on floors — though about 4 per­cent of the injuries involved beds and pillows.

To cut down on trips and falls, Carr said, par­ents should take a care­ful look at their child’s cos­tume to make sure they don’t drag or impede movement.

Tighten up those shoe laces so they are ready to hop, skip and jump from door to door,” she said.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

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Maine Scrambles with How to Enforce Quarantine Against Ebola Nurse

ABC News(AUGUSTA, Maine) — Maine offi­cials are scram­bling to fig­ure out what to do about return­ing Ebola nurse Kaci Hickox, who has vowed to dis­obey its quar­an­tine rules.

The gov­er­nor and other offi­cials are seek­ing legal author­ity to enforce what started out as a vol­un­tary quar­an­tine, and state police are mon­i­tor­ing Hickox’s Fort Kent home “for both her pro­tec­tion and the health of the com­mu­nity,” accord­ing to a state­ment Wednes­day from the Maine governor’s office.

We are very con­cerned about her safety and health and that of the com­mu­nity,” Maine Gov. Paul LeP­age said in the state­ment. “We are explor­ing all of our options for pro­tect­ing the health and well-being of the health­care worker, any­one who comes in con­tact with her, the Fort Kent com­mu­nity and all of Maine. While we cer­tainly respect the rights of one indi­vid­ual, we must be vig­i­lant in pro­tect­ing 1.3 mil­lion Main­ers, as well as any­one who vis­its our great state.”

Hickox, 33, was treat­ing Ebola patients in Sierra Leone for Doc­tors With­out Bor­ders. She returned to the United States on Fri­day, land­ing in Newark Lib­erty Inter­na­tional Air­port in New Jer­sey, where she was ques­tioned and quar­an­tined in an out­door tent through the week­end despite hav­ing no symp­toms. She reg­is­tered a fever on an infrared ther­mome­ter at the air­port but an oral ther­mome­ter at Uni­ver­sity Hos­pi­tal in Newark showed that she actu­ally had no fever, she said.

After twice test­ing neg­a­tive for the deadly virus, Hickox was released and returned home to Maine on Mon­day. The fol­low­ing day, the state’s health com­mis­sioner announced that Maine would join the hand­ful of states going beyond fed­eral guide­lines and ask­ing that return­ing Ebola health work­ers self-quarantine.

Our true desire is for a vol­un­tary sep­a­ra­tion from the pub­lic. We do not want to have to legally enforce an in-home quar­an­tine,” Main Health Com­mis­sioner Mary May­hew said in a state­ment. “We are con­fi­dent that the self­less health work­ers, who were brave enough to care for Ebola patients in a for­eign coun­try, will be will­ing to take rea­son­able steps to pro­tect the res­i­dents of their own coun­try. How­ever, we are will­ing to pur­sue legal author­ity if nec­es­sary to ensure risk is min­i­mized for Mainers.”

But Hickox said she doesn’t think it is reasonable.

I will go to court to attain my free­dom,” Hickox told ABC’s Good Morn­ing Amer­ica Wednes­day via Skype from her home­town of Fort Kent. “I have been com­pletely asymp­to­matic since I’ve been here. I feel absolutely great.”

The U.S. Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion doesn’t con­sider health work­ers who treated Ebola patients in West Africa to be at “high risk” for catch­ing Ebola if they were wear­ing pro­tec­tive gear, accord­ing to new guide­lines announced this week. Since they have “some risk,” the CDC rec­om­mends that they undergo mon­i­tor­ing — track­ing symp­toms and body tem­per­a­ture twice a day — avoid pub­lic trans­porta­tion and take other pre­cau­tions. But the CDC doesn’t require home quar­an­tines for these workers.

Some­one isn’t con­ta­gious until Ebola symp­toms appear, accord­ing to the CDC. And even then, trans­mis­sion requires con­tact with bod­ily flu­ids such as blood and vomit.

I remain really con­cerned by these manda­tory quar­an­tine poli­cies for aid work­ers,” Hickox said Wednes­day. “I think we’re just only adding to the stigma­ti­za­tion that, again, is not based on sci­ence or evidence.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio