A Closer Look at Cancer

Cancer is a terrifying word because of what it signifies. Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that do not function correctly and can spread throughout your body. What are the different kinds of cancer, and how can we prevent or lower the risk of being diagnosed with them?

The Types

There are many different kinds of cancer based on where they originate in the body. According to the National Cancer Institute, common types that are found are bladder cancer, breast cancer, colon/rectal cancer, endometrial cancer (found in the uterus lining), kidney cancer, leukemia, lung cancer, melanoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, and thyroid cancer. The highest ranking are breast cancer, followed by prostate and lung cancer.


According to WebMD and Mayo Clinic, there are some things you can do to lower your risk of cancer. Here are some tips.

  • Lower the amount of sodium, red meat, sugar, and alcohol you consume.
  • Increase the amount of beans, legumes, fruits, and vegetables you consume.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, and follow an exercise plan to be healthier.
  • Avoid tobacco products.
  • Make sure you apply sunscreen before you go outside and try to stay in the shade.
  • Try to avoid going out when the sun is at its peak; instead go out in the morning or evening.
  • Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps.
  • Get regular screenings, such as mammograms, colonoscopies, and pap tests.
  • Keep your immunizations up to date.

Treatment Options

  • Surgery: Removal of cancer lumps or growths.
  • Chemotherapy: Using drugs to attack the cancer.
  • Radiation therapy: Using radiation to kill the cancer cells.
  • Targeted therapy: Using drugs to kill specific cancer cells.
  • Immunotherapy: Employing your immune system to attack the cancer.
  • Hyperthermia: Using heat to get rid of cancer.
  • Stem cell transplant: Replacing bone marrow with new marrow.
  • Photodynamic therapy: Using drugs and light to attack cancer cells.
  • Lasers: Using a laser to destroy specific cancer cells, growths or lumps.


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